Facts about amphibians

  • A group of frogs is called an army.

  • The word "amphibian" means two-lives, one in the water and one on land.

  • Most amphibians have thin, moist skin that helps them to breathe.

  • Amphibians are considered vertebrates as they have a backbone.

  • Frogs swallow their food whole. The size of what they can eat is determined by the size of their mouths and their stomach.

  • Frogs cannot live in salt water.

  • All amphibians have gills, some only as larvae and others for their entire lives.

  • It is a myth that you can get warts from touching a frog or toad.

  • An Amphibian's skin absorbs air and water. This makes them very sensitive to air and water pollution.

  • The world amphibian population is in decline.

  • Like fish and reptiles, amphibians are cold-blooded. This means their bodies don't automatically regulate their temperature. They must cool off and warm up by using their surroundings.

What are amphibians?

Amphibians are a cold-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that comprises the frogs, toads, newts, salamanders, and caecilians. 


They live the first part of their lives in the water and the last part on the land. When they hatch from their eggs, amphibians have gills so they can breathe in the water. They also have fins to help them swim, just like fish.


Later, their bodies change, growing legs and lungs enabling them to live on the land.

Most amphibians hatch from eggs. After they hatch, their bodies are still in the larvae stage. In this stage they are very fish like. They have gills to breathe under water and fins to swim with. As they grow older, their bodies undergo changes called metamorphosis. They can grow lungs to breathe air and limbs for walking on the ground. The transformation isn't the same in all amphibians, but they all go through some sort of metamorphosis.

You can learn more about the amphibians at the Jungle Zoo by clicking on the images below: