Blue and Gold Macaw

Wild Status:

Least Concern

Scientific Name:

Ara ararauna


South America


It is also known as the Blue and Yellow Macaw, and a variant from Bolivia is referred to as the Bolivian Blue and Gold Macaw. It is found across a vast region, from eastern Panama in Central America south across northern South America, extending to Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. It has been introduced into Puerto Rico.


Blue and Gold Macaws are birds of the forests and they are often found near water. They fly in pairs or small family groups but large flocks can be seen congregating at roosting sites. They have been known to congregate together with Green Winged Macaws. During the dry months they tend to stay in dense forests but, during the rainy season, they travel considerable distances to secondary forests where they seek out fruiting trees.



Although this species of parrot is considered ‘least Concern’, it is still in danger as most of its home range has been destroyed for logging, farming or cattle grazing.
Blue and gold macaws are also still extensively trapped for the pet trade. Like every other parrot and cockatoo species, they do not make acceptable pets.