Citron Crested Cockatoo

Wild Status:

Critically Endangered

Scientific Name:

Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata


Indonesian island of Sumba


The Citron Crested Cockatoo inhabits open woodlands, edges of forests and cultivated fields. They are often seen in villages perched in coconut palms and are generally seen in pairs and small flocks. They regularly feed in the treetops where large numbers will congregate. Their diet consists of seed, nuts, berries, fruit and blossoms.


The Citron-crested Cockatoo is critically endangered. Its numbers in the wild have declined due to habitat loss and illegal trapping for the cage-bird trade. A 1993 survey of Sumba estimated the species' numbers at less than 2,000 individuals.Together with the other subspecies of the Yellow-crested Cockatoo, it is listed in appendix I of the CITES list. Consequently, international trade is strongly regulated and trade in wild caught Citron-crested Cockatoos is illegal.

This Cockatoo has suffered an 80% population decline with only an estimate of 2000 wild individuals left. This decline is mainly due to trapping for the pet trade. 
It is thought to be as many as 5 birds out of 7 will die even before reaching their destination. Many birds will also kill each other while being transported in cramped overstocked cages.